CYCLING: Young Cyclist Training

Here is the english translation of my last article! Have a good reading!

What can you do with a young road cyclist or a young mountain bike rider under 10?

Some observations of the behavior of a child of less than 10 years leads to a quick understanding of the approach to help him progress on his bike knowing with competitive demands limited to races of 5 to 8 'maximum.

A child under 10:

  • Remains rude in his gestures: he does not necessarily have a very developed picture of his body in motion.
  • Maybe fearful of the unknown: being with an unknown coach, discovering a new place can be a reason for strong anxiety.
  • Have a limited concentration capacity : in practice, we notice that 5 to 10 minutes of attention on the same "game" is already encouraging.
  • Do not come to train, he comes to play with his bike and see his friends.

Therefore, even if the educator is looking for the acquisition of a precise cycling quality because it is an adult, the child must only see a game, a discovery!

Where experienced athletes would perform a HIT session, the educator will offer a relay!

Where the experienced cyclist will develop his strength with a slow spinning, the educator will propose to understand how to choose the right development on his bike facing a hill: we try with a gear too big for a low cadence pedaling, we try with a gear too small to feel velocity pedaling.

Where the competitor wants to ride miles to maintain his endurance, the educator will propose to move from one playing area to another by changing the restless times of effort according to the abilities of the moment.

Ultimately, the coach may have a physiological or technical ambition for the child but it will be appropriate to hide the development modalities with a significant dose of game. In fact, the competitions of very young cyclists propose relatively adapted activities.

What can you do with a road cyclist or MTB rider of 11 to 17 year old?

It is always difficult to vreate age groups because we have all observed, in a group of children, we will have children on the ideal growth pace, others will have physically 12 to 24 months of advanced.

In the same way, certain small cyclists are imprisoned in a body which he does not control because of the growth and lose in gestural precision or general endurance.

By marking this difference on age, this is a way to mark the fact that we are less in the fun and more and more in the search for performance.

A cyclist at puberty and after:

  • A body that is not stabilized from peak growth in pubertal crisis.
  • A will more and more affirmed between a leisure practice of the cyclist and a competitive practice.
  • A capacity and sometimes a demand to understand why: why do we do something? Why do I feel such a sensation in the effort?

In France, we got a difference between educator for leisure and coach for competition. The educator becomes a little more coach and will have to juggle between the abilities of athletes and demands in competition, sometimes totally unadapted. Indeed, as this age separation that I use in this article, age categories, race distances, especially for female cyclists are often counter-productive, but we will come back soon.

Around the pubertal crisis, we enter into a desire to build because the basic gestures of driving or handling of the bike are acquired:

  • We build a fundamental endurance with the progressive integration of bioenergetic concept.
  • We build a maximum oxygene uptake capacity with learning the modalities of HIT session.
  • We build the strength for pedaling by combining cycling and athletic training.

If you are in hard training concept, the ability to animate happily a session by the coach can better pass the difficulty of the effort.

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